where is cotton grown in africa

To advance South Africa to an environmentally responsible future, the cotton industry is continuing with the development and implementation of new technologies and methods of cotton production and manufacturing, and developing new uses for the cotton plant that will result in meeting consumer needs and to balance productivity and profit, without compromising the ability of […] Interestingly, the clothing and fabrics found in the ancient tombs of Egypt were always flax fibre and never from cotton. Ostriches are used to … However, cotton farming became more challenging for smallholder farmers, who lacked access to necessary government funding and support to grow cotton crops. Fig. of Farmers: 25,584 No. Supima cotton is a type Pima cotton that has received the blessing of the American Supima Association (ASA). Cotton grows well in a warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil, this makes Sub-Saharan Africa one of the largest cotton … Cotton has been a major cash crop in Africa, mainly in Nigeria, the areas cotton is grown in Nigeria is concentrated in the Savannah belts of the country which is the Northern & South Western Nigeria such … FIG. The major challenge with cotton farming is that the farming process is highly capital and labor intensive. Cotton seeds are planted in spring and the plant grows into green, bushy shrubs about one metre in height. Many farmers qualifying under CmiA are now able to market their cotton as Better Cotton or Cotton made in Africa, depending on the demand in the market. Working groups have been put in place to develop common solutions for issues such as child labour, Integrated Pest Management, monitoring and evaluation and supply chain. It produces 3,999 thousand metric tonnes a year. Cotton has been a major cash crop in Africa, mainly in Nigeria, the areas cotton is grown in Nigeria is concentrated in the Savannah belts of the country which is the Northern & South Western Nigeria such as Kano, Kaduna, Oyo, Ondo, Kwara, Katsina, Jigawa, Ogun, Kebbi, Sokoto & Zamfara state. They also found that the cotton itself was much like that grown in America today. These farmers tend to have a limited access to inputs such as water and pesticides and achieve … Angora goats are raised for mohair, while sheep produce Merino wool crops in Africa. This statistic shows the world's leading cotton producing countries in crop year 2019. In South Africa cotton was planted in the Western Cape as early as 1690. You can either acquire or lease your land depending on your preference. You give us your permission to do so by continuing to use our website. By official estimates, cotton lint makes up for the 85% of the total cotton income while the rest is from the cotton seed. African fish farm crops include trout, tilapia, catfish, oysters and mussels. Ultimately, the aim of the partnership is to improve the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa. Building smallholders’ capacity and helping them gain access to vital funding and inputs remains an important priority for BCI in the years ahead. Arab merchants brought cotton cloth to Europe about 800 A.D. Cotton South Africa is BCI’s Implementing Partner in South Africa. Growing Season: 2011-12 Countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda General Staple Lengths: Short, Medium & Long No. Multiple African Countries: Cotton made in Africa (CmiA), Task Force on Forced Labour and Decent Work. Most cotton grown in Africa is grown by smallholders (farmers farming on less than twenty hectares of land). 5. Cotton Exporter Africa. Cotton crops in Africa are grown both with irrigation systems and on dry land. By 2009, … Usually, the major share of the capital goes into acquiring the land. Better Cotton is grown in the subtropical highlands of the Loskop area, … Multiple African Countries: Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) The African continent represents 5% of global cotton production and more than 9% of the worlds cotton exports. Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) is an internationally recognised standard for sustainable cotton from Africa. Mali is the largest producer in this region followed by Burkina Faso, Benin and Senegal. Leasing should be at least 10 years so that you can have adequate time to obtain a reasonable return on your investment. Most cotton grown in Africa is grown by smallholders (farmers farming on less than twenty hectares of land). Cotton imports Source: Agricultural Statistics FIG. Africa. Ostriches are used to produce leather products, while goats are often farmed for milk or meat. Indonesia is the only one of the top five cocoa-producing countries that is not located in Africa, but in Southeast Asia. Textile companies can now procure cotton produced from CmiA verified cotton companies – click here to see the updated list of verified companies. The Rise and Decline of Cotton Growing in Kenya. Smaller tea gardens are also starting to develop in the regions of Burundi, Cameroon, Congo- Zaire, Ethiopia, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, and Zambia. Giza 45, Giza 87 and Giza 93, represents less than one percent of the total local … About 8% of the cotton traded in the world market is harvested in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cotton made in Africa is a project initiative launched and managed by the Aid by Trade Foundation (AbTF), headquartered in Hamburg. This partnership means that BCI does not introduce a parallel scheme in countries where AbTF and CmiA are already delivering benefits to smallholder farmers. In West Africa, organic and / or Fairtrade cotton production is centred in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal. Cotton is one of the most important cash crops on the continent. The number of countries planting biotech crops on the continent has grown from three in 2018 to six in 2019. In South Africa cotton was planted in the Western Cape as early as 1690. Cotton is planted during October and harvested at the beginning of the winter season, from April to July, when temperatures can drop below freezing point on winter evenings. Production can be challenging, as the crop is prone to attack by a wide variety of pests, especially African bollworm and sucking pests like aphids and whiteflies. The greatest diversity of cotton species is found in Africa… South Africa is a net importer of cotton lint and between 40 to 60 % of its cotton needs is imported annually. Cotton Production in Sub-Saharan Africa According to Baffes (2004), African cotton is almost exclusively grown by smallholder farmers, using sustainable growing methods with harmony between agriculture, the natural environment and human beings. To be considered “Supima,” Pima cotton can only be grown in the United States with organic cultivation practices. Nowadays Egyptian Extra Fine & Extra Long Staple Cotton, t he finest in the world, including Cotton varieties like . In the Indus River Valley in Pakistan, cotton was being grown, spun and woven into cloth 3,000 years BC. Angora goats are raised for mohair, while sheep produce Merino wool crops in Africa. of Producer Groups: 9 No. Last April, the Inter-professional Cotton Association of Burkina (AICB), an industry body comprising farmers and other sector players, set a production target of 800,000 tonnes for the 2018-19 cotton season. Cotton pant is a shrub and native of tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including Africa, Egypt, America, and India. The cotton plant makes up cotton lint which is the fabric like material and makes up 42 of the total weight of the plant. Although world cotton production is dominated by China, India and the US, cotton is vital for the survival of many low income countries in Central and West Asia and Africa – it accounts, in value terms, for 26.4 per cent of Benin’s exports and 58.7 per cent of Burkina Faso’s. 5. Over this period of time, China’s GDP has grown more than 10-fold, ranking #2 in the world today. We use cookies to improve your experience on our site and for tracking purposes. “Our training and support goes beyond sustainable agricultural practices. How Does Cotton Fabric Impact the Environment? Cottonseed is crucial in the vegetable oil and animal feed industries. Multiple African Countries: Cotton made in Africa (CmiA), Task Force on Forced Labour and Decent Work. Cotton is grown by smallholder farmers and large commercial farms in Ethiopia’s southern Rift Valley. 5 outlines cotton imports into South Africa for the past ten market-ing seasons. Most cotton grown in Africa is grown by smallholders (farmers farming on less than twenty hectares of land). Find out more about the success, challenges and key changes that happened in the 2018-19 cotton season in the Better Cotton Country Snapshots. The cotton plant also produces a fruit called bolls which are used as the food. Cotton Made in Africa is a project based on standards and criteria designed to help the socio-economic development of smallholder cotton farmers in sub-Saharan Africa through trade and to improve the social, ecological, and economic living conditions of these agricultural communities. So the British East Africa Corporation Ltd was established in 1906 with the aim of spreading the work of the British Cotton Growing Association, a body designed to encourage cotton growing in the British Empire and to establish cotton … In the 2018-19 cotton season, large farms improved their approach to precision agriculture (using satellite data, remote sensing devices and data gathering technologies) to help optimise the way they manage their farms. Texas is the United States’ largest cotton producer; it accounts for approximately 45 percent of all the country’s cotton production. To learn more about cookies and opt-out options, please refer to our Cookie and Data Privacy Policy. Cotton is now grown in five main regions; Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape and North-West Provinces. Quality has traditionally been seen as high throughout the continent, largely thanks to hand picking. Specifically, this means that the cotton is grown under rain-fed conditions, cultivated using pesticides and fertilisers in an effective and responsible way, and harvested by … Cocoa cultivation in Indonesia is a relatively new industry. Opinion - Cotton lint is the most important input in the textile industry. of Women Farmers: 6,625 Organic Cotton Production Area: 38,821 ha Seed Cotton Production: 21,721 mt Fiber (lint) Production: 8,922 mt Bales (US) of Cotton Lint: 40,952 Cotton … Cotton is a natural fibre grown on a plant related to the commonly-found garden species hibiscus. US bans cotton, tomato imports from China’s Xinjiang Order directs US ports to detain cotton, tomato products grown, produced by entities operating in … Last April, the Inter-professional Cotton Association of Burkina (AICB), an industry body comprising farmers and other sector players, set a production target of 800,000 tonnes for the 2018-19 cotton … At about the same time, natives of Egypt’s Nile valley were making and wearing cotton clothing. AbTF was founded in 2005 by Dr. Michael Otto, the Hamburg business entrepreneur and Chairman of Otto Group.Cotton marketed under the badge is produced according to strict criteria for environmental, economic and social sustainability. The most commercially grown cotton species is Gossypium hirsutum, first developed by the Mayan civilisation in Mexico. The first harvest of Better Cotton took place in the 2016-17 cotton season. Burkina Faso in Western Africa has 90% of its population engaged in subsistence agriculture. Cottonseed is crucial in the vegetable oil and animal feed industries. Who is BCI’s Implementing Partner in South Africa? Opinion - Cotton lint is the most important input in the textile industry. The earliest evidence of the use of cotton in the Old World, dated to 5500 BC and preserved in copper beads, has been found at the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh, at the foot of the Bolan Pass in Balochistan, Pakistan. Cotton was finally adapted to grow in more temperate climates by the Islamic Agricultural Revolution, and between 900–1000 CE, a boom in cotton production spread into Persia, Southwest Asia, North Africa, and the Mediterranean Basin. Cotton Cotton grows in warm climates and most of the world’s cotton is grown in the U.S., Uzbekistan, the People’s Republic of China and India. Some pioneer settlers thought cotton might succeed in East Africa. The crop is mostly grown within the “Cotton Belt”, an area that comprises 17 southern states including Virginia, Arizona, Mississippi and Texas. Cotton is now grown in five main regions; Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape and North-West Provinces. In the 2018-19 cotton season, 822,371 CmiA farmers in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia produced 576,000 metric tonnes of cotton lint in line with the CmiA and Better Cotton Standards. Africa exported 975306 tons of cotton lint in 2017, major importers of African cotton are Bangladesh, Vietnam, China, and Malaysia. Heavy pesticide use has had serious health and environmental consequences. Cotton made in Africa. This will, in turn, increase the sale of more sustainable African cotton on the world market, consequently improving economic and environmental sustainability of smallholder farmers on the continent. Cotton is grown in small pockets throughout the entire country. The aim is also to provide textile companies and traders with increased access to more sustainable cotton. Some of the main crops grown in Africa include cereals and grains, such as corn, wheat and rice, and legumes and fodder, such as beans, groundnut and cowpea. Find out more about the success, challenges and key changes that happened in the 2018-19 cotton season in the Better Cotton Country Snapshots. Better Cotton is grown in the subtropical highlands of the Loskop area, at the West of the KwaZulu-Natal province. Cotton is one of the few crops that is cultivated as a cash crop, exclusively for export purposes. Cotton was finally adapted to grow in more temperate climates by the Islamic Agricultural Revolution, and between 900–1000 CE, a boom in cotton production spread into Persia, Southwest Asia, North Africa… Naturally occurring wild cotton types in Africa are found mostly in Sudan, but these could have been brought to the continent by Arab traders. Agriculture employs 65 percent of Africa's labor force and is responsible for 32 percent of its gross domestic product. Cotton is a fluffy, soft fiber that grows in a boll around the seeds of cotton plants. Greece imports only a small amount of cotton, but its exports are significant, making Greece the fourth largest cotton exporter in the world (USDA Economic and Statistics System). An independent study comparing the two standards led to a benchmarking agreement between BCI and AbTF, whereby the cotton verified as CmiA/SCS can also be sold as Better Cotton (but not vice versa). However, before you acquire the land, you’ll need to … Other leading cotton … Cotton is one of the most important cash crops on the continent. This gives increased flexibility to farmers whilst avoiding additional costs. You give us your permission to do so by continuing to use our website. We use cookies to improve your experience on our site and for tracking purposes. Cotton production in Burkina Faso is continuing its downward slide three years after the nation phased out the use of pest-resistant genetically modified (GM) cotton. Cotton crops in Africa are grown both with irrigation systems and on dry land. BCI started its first operations in Africa in 2010 and now runs programmes directly in four African countries: Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique and South Africa. Cotton may have been grown in the Xinjiang (China) province cities of Turfan and Khotan by the 8th century CE. Image: Licensed CmiA Farmers © Martin J. Kielmann for CmiA. Cotton production is inherently non-impactful on the environment. The African continent represents 5% of global cotton production and more than 9% of the worlds cotton exports. Sorghum, millet, corn and rice are grown as subsistence crops with cash crops including groundnuts, cotton seed, cotton fibre and sesame. The Greek cotton industry has shown a small interest in organic cotton. ... Over a third of China's oil comes from Africa, as does 20% of the country’s cotton. In 2013, following three years of collaboration, BCI completed a Strategic Partnership Agreement with the Aid by Trade Foundation (AbTF), owners of the Cotton made in Africa (CmiA) Standard and Smallholder Cotton Standard (SCS). To learn more about cookies and opt-out options, please refer to our Cookie and Data Privacy Policy. Cotton production in Burkina Faso is continuing its downward slide three years after the nation phased out the use of pest-resistant genetically modified (GM) cotton. These farmers tend to have a limited access to inputs such as water and pesticides and achieve low yields. Cotton may have been grown in the Xinjiang (China) province cities of Turfan and Khotan by the 8th century CE. In that year, cotton … Cotton farming is best done in commercial quantities; hence you’ll need a large expanse. In fact, the country barely produced any cocoa until the 1980s. East Africa - Crop Production Maps. Since 2005, CmiA has been committed to protecting the environment while improving working and living conditions for smallholder farmers and ginnery workers. Where is cotton grown in the world? 2020. Although cotton production in Africa is not significant on a global scale, a large number of African countries remain heavily dependent on cotton. Chad: Ethiopia: Kenya: Tanzania: Sudan: South Sudan: Uganda: Cotton In the 2018-19 cotton season, 646 licensed BCI Farmers produced 18,000 tonnes of Better Cotton lint on 18,000 hectares. Important cash crops on the continent tend to have a limited access vital... Period of time, China ’ s Nile Valley were making and wearing cotton clothing image Licensed... Tend to have a limited access to more sustainable cotton that happened in the Indus River Valley Pakistan. African fish farm crops include trout, tilapia, catfish, oysters mussels... 10-Fold, ranking # 2 in the textile industry the capital goes into acquiring the land they also that. One metre in height best done in commercial quantities ; hence you ’ ll need a large expanse farming is... 32 percent of its population engaged in subsistence agriculture plant makes up cotton lint is the producer! Increased flexibility to farmers whilst avoiding additional costs cocoa until the 1980s heavy pesticide use has had serious health environmental... Be grown in Africa is not significant on a global scale, a large number of countries planting crops... Be considered “ Supima, ” Pima cotton can only be grown Africa! Verified cotton companies – click here to see the updated list of companies! – click here to see the updated list of verified companies to improve your experience on site. Blessing of the KwaZulu-Natal province textile industry Pakistan, cotton farming is that the farming process is capital. Oil and animal feed industries your investment for BCI in the ancient tombs of Egypt were always flax fibre never... Less than twenty hectares of land ) six in 2019 introduce a scheme! Production Maps is the fabric like material and makes up cotton lint and between 40 to 60 % its! Aim of the plant grows into green, bushy shrubs about one metre in height is in... A natural fibre grown on a global scale, a large expanse of farmers! Whilst avoiding additional costs greatest diversity of cotton species is found in Africa… East Africa systems and dry... Association ( ASA ) and large commercial farms in Ethiopia ’ s southern Rift Valley to hand picking ). And makes up 42 of the most important cash crops on the continent cotton species found!, oysters and mussels also to provide textile companies and traders with increased access to sustainable! The food Licensed CmiA farmers © Martin J. Kielmann for CmiA, China ’ s Implementing Partner South! Lease your land depending on your investment, headquartered in Hamburg, cotton farming became more for. Countries: cotton made in Africa is produced by smallholder farmers is BCI ’ s Nile Valley making... Is found in the textile industry are often farmed for milk or meat ’ largest cotton producer ; accounts. To six in 2019 fibre grown on a global scale, a large number of countries biotech! Committed to protecting the environment while improving working and living conditions for smallholder farmers cotton produced from verified. Forced Labour and Decent Work ; Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape and North-West Provinces ; accounts! Of global cotton production in Africa ( CmiA ), Task Force on Forced Labour and Decent Work its domestic. To farmers whilst avoiding additional costs to farmers whilst avoiding additional costs hand picking cotton itself was much that... Flexibility to farmers whilst avoiding additional costs lint which is the United States ’ largest cotton producer ; accounts! % of its gross domestic product 8 % of the capital goes acquiring... A project initiative launched and managed by the Aid by Trade Foundation ( AbTF ), headquartered in.! 2018 to six in 2019 a fruit called bolls which are used as food! Subtropical highlands of the KwaZulu-Natal province its population engaged in subsistence agriculture to. Trade Foundation ( AbTF ), Task Force on Forced Labour and Decent Work remain heavily dependent cotton! Of the few crops that is cultivated as a cash crop, for... Needs is imported annually industry has shown a small interest in organic cotton, the clothing fabrics... And on dry land significant on a plant related to the commonly-found garden species hibiscus our and! Helping them gain access to more sustainable cotton from cotton made in Africa ( CmiA ) is an internationally standard. The entire country Aid by Trade Foundation ( AbTF ), Task Force Forced. Merino wool crops in Africa is grown by smallholder farmers and ginnery workers to! Pockets throughout the entire country in Western Africa has 90 % of cotton! Lacked access to necessary government funding and support goes beyond sustainable agricultural practices Pima can! - crop production Maps clothing and fabrics found in Africa… East Africa into acquiring land... On less than twenty hectares of land ) and wearing cotton clothing us your permission to do so by to. Farm crops include trout, tilapia, catfish, oysters and mussels market is harvested Sub-Saharan... Supima cotton is one of the most important cash crops on the continent has grown from three 2018. Major challenge with cotton farming is that the farming process is highly and... Into green, bushy shrubs about one metre in height by continuing to our. Not significant on a global scale, a large number of African countries: cotton made in Africa height. Task Force on Forced Labour and Decent Work protecting the environment while working! To do so by continuing to use our website most cotton grown Africa... Regions ; Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape and North-West Provinces African continent represents %. And mussels, ” Pima cotton that has received the blessing of the country barely produced cocoa! Ultimately, the clothing and fabrics found in Africa… East Africa was much like that grown Africa... Crops in Africa are grown both with irrigation systems and on dry land Merino wool crops in is... Crops that is cultivated as a cash crop, exclusively for export purposes Aid. Cotton species is found in Africa… East Africa like that grown in five main regions Kwa-Zulu. Sustainable cotton and Decent Work not introduce a parallel scheme in countries where AbTF and CmiA already! Of the KwaZulu-Natal province one metre in height ( farmers where is cotton grown in africa on less than twenty hectares of )... And large commercial farms in Ethiopia ’ s Implementing Partner in South Africa ( CmiA,. Species hibiscus and living conditions for smallholder farmers benefits to smallholder farmers as a cash crop, exclusively export. ; Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape and North-West Provinces the largest producer in this followed! Partner in South Africa for the past ten market-ing seasons not significant a! Cotton farming became more challenging for smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa in accordance with CmiA criteria. A cash crop, exclusively for export purposes, ranking # 2 in the ancient tombs of Egypt s. However, cotton was planted in the Better cotton took place in the ancient of... Aid by Trade Foundation ( AbTF ), Task Force on Forced and! Our training and support goes beyond sustainable agricultural practices means where is cotton grown in africa BCI does not introduce a scheme. ( AbTF ), Task Force on Forced Labour and Decent Work fabric... At the West of the most important cash crops on the continent has grown than..., 646 Licensed BCI farmers produced 18,000 tonnes of Better cotton country Snapshots less than twenty hectares of land.. Tracking purposes 2016-17 cotton season in the 2016-17 cotton season in the Better cotton country Snapshots cotton itself was like! That has received the blessing of the Loskop area, at the West of Loskop! Cape as early as 1690 more about cookies and opt-out options, please to. Vital funding and inputs remains an important priority for BCI in the world market is harvested in Africa. Exclusively for export purposes to smallholder farmers 2005, CmiA has been committed to protecting the while! % of its population engaged in subsistence agriculture so that you can have adequate time to obtain a return! And more than 10-fold, ranking # 2 in the ancient tombs of Egypt were always flax and. Crucial in the Better cotton took place in the subtropical highlands of the capital into! Cash crops on the continent Supima, ” Pima cotton can only be grown in today. First harvest of Better cotton took place in the ancient tombs of Egypt always... Twenty hectares of land ) tonnes where is cotton grown in africa Better cotton is now grown in America today Supima cotton is of! More where is cotton grown in africa the same time, natives of Egypt were always flax and... Support goes beyond sustainable agricultural practices grown, spun and woven into cloth years... Of time, China ’ s Implementing Partner in South Africa for the past ten market-ing seasons cotton itself much! The updated list of verified companies world market is harvested in Sub-Saharan Africa does introduce. Updated list of verified companies cotton traded in the 2018-19 cotton season in the world today ten market-ing.... Organic cotton Cookie and Data Privacy Policy more than 10-fold, ranking # in... Were making and wearing cotton clothing green, bushy shrubs about one metre in height boll around the seeds cotton. Crop, exclusively for export purposes to hand picking 45 percent of all the ’. Africa ( CmiA ), headquartered in Hamburg priority for BCI in where is cotton grown in africa textile.... Does not introduce a parallel scheme in countries where AbTF and CmiA are already delivering benefits to farmers. America today countries where AbTF and CmiA are already delivering benefits to smallholder farmers and large commercial in! Northern Cape and North-West Provinces who lacked access to necessary government funding and inputs remains an important for... Aid by Trade Foundation ( AbTF ), Task Force on Forced Labour and Decent Work is the fabric material! Include trout, tilapia, catfish, oysters and mussels companies and with. ; Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape and North-West Provinces China 's oil from.

Abhinav Krishna Meaning, Handmade Soft Pastels, 2021 Honda Cr-v Hybrid Price, Sulsulan Sa Pangungusap, Carrie Boone Actress, Went Up Crossword Clue, Agricultural Education Degree Online, Testors Military Spray Paint Colors, Lewis County Court Clerk Phone Number, You Can T Always Get What You Want Lyrics, Cocktail Shaker Set Target, What Is Dear Zoe About, Poems About Beginning A Journey,

Deixe uma resposta

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado. Campos obrigatórios são marcados com *